The ZPAd air protection zone of Haute-Savoie / Annecy
On 23.10.2017, an order was signed by the Prefect of the Department of Haute-Savoie introducing the Crit´Air Vignette within the department. The order contains a set of measures that can be applied in case of an air pollution peak to certain vehicle types and EURO classes. However, in case of an air pollution peak, the city or municipality within the department, in which the weather-dependent zone comes into force, has to be defined first. A ZPAd (zone de protection de l'air départementale) is no local or regional air protection zone with clearly defined limits (ZPA), it applies to a whole department where driving restrictions can be temporary imposed. This requires a separate individual order from the prefect or the local police. As a result, there can only be locally changing traffic restrictions within the ZPAd Haute-Savoie, to which the car owners must adapt.
Haute-Savoie (Department n° 74) is one of 12 Departments in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region and has 794,000 inhabitants on approximately 4,400 km². Chambery with 126,000 inhabitants on an area of 67 km² is the district town of Haute-Savoie, where the Prefect has its seat.
According to the regional institution for air quality ATMO Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, there are regular air pollution peaks in the Department of Haute-Savoie, mostly in the winter. Therefore, in accordance with the prefectural order n°PAIC-2017-0074, a temporary environmental zone has now been introduced, which becomes mandatory for all vehicles in case of persistent air pollution.
Any violation of the badge requirement or traffic restrictions will be punished with a fine of 68 to 375 euros; if paying directly on site a little less. These fines are based on the articles L.325-1 to L.325-3 and R.411-19 of the French Road Traffic Code.
In case of an air pollution peak, the Prefecture provides a set of measures in several stages. After an early warning stage (usually after two days), a first air pollution stage („niveau d’alerte N1“) is announced. This happens when the daily or hourly measurement of the responsible institution for air quality exceeds 50/80 μg / m³ for particulate matter or 180/240 μg / m³ for ozone or 300/500 μg / m³ for sulphur dioxide or 200/400 μg / m³ for nitrogen dioxide. As a result, the road speed within the ZPAd environmental zone has to be reduced by 20 km/h.
If one of the above-mentioned pollutant values still exceeds the stated values, then a second measure will be applied and an air pollution alarm („niveau d’alerte N2“) with traffic restrictions will be declared, during which only vehicles equipped with Crit´Air badges E, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are allowed to drive within the zone.
After the first two stages, the Prefect can also declare a third stage of alarm, which is an aggravation of the second stage (the official definition is „niveau N2 aggravé“). In this third stage, the Prefect can also ban Crit´Air badge classes 4 and 5 from traffic.
The borders of the environmental zone of Haute-Savoie
Generally, the border of a ZPAd zone in France is set in the order of the respective Prefect.
In this case, however, the entire area of the Department of Haute-Savoie may be affected. Only in case of an air pollution peak, the exact extension of the zone affected by traffic restrictions is defined in an additional separate order, which can be issued within a day.
In any case, it should be noted that, in the event of an air pollution alarm, the highways A40 (which cross the department and pass near Geneva) and A41 (from and to Chambery) may be affected.
Table overview of the environmental zone
What are ZCR, ZPA and ZPAd environmental zones in France?
What are ZCR, ZPA and ZPAd environmental zones in France and how do they work? What does this mean for foreign drivers and how the Green-Zones app be of help? You can find the answers in the menu under French environmental zones.