The vignette Crit’Air is since 1st of November 2016 mandatory in the conurbation of Grenoble-Metropole
Since 1st November 2016 are new air protection measures in force in the conurbation of Grenoble, consisting in 46 cities and villages with around 450.000 inhabitants, introducing an air protection area similar to the ZCR-Zone (like in Paris).
The “air protection area” of Grenoble-Metropole is 30 km long and 20 km large, which represents a surface of round 600 km². In this Metropole (large municipality), the new air protection measures affect all public roads, expressways and highways. Violations of the air protection rules in this area will be prosecuted with a financial penalty of the 2nd category, which means of 35 EUROS (in a ZCR-Zone apply penalties of the 3rd category, from 68 EUROS).
The introduction of ZCR-Zones and of the obligation of having a Crit’Air vignette is the responsibility of the municipalities in France and is regulated in the national decree Décret ZCR 2016-847 from 28.06.2016. The introduction of “air protection areas” and the obligation of having a Crit’Air vignette is regulated in the national decree Décret n° 2016-858 du 29 juin 2016.
Since the conurbation Grenoble-Metropole with its “air protection are” is not a municipality in itself, like Paris for example, there will be no ZCR-signs set up.
However, ZCR-signs will be set up in the city of Grenoble, since a ZCR-zone will be introduced there on 1st January 2017. From this date, normal fines between 68 and 375 will be likely imposed in this zone in case of a violation.
The vignette Crit’Air will be also mandatory on the highway around Grenoble
According to an announcement from the city of Grenoble, the vignette Crit’Air will also be mandatory on the highways crossing the conurbation Grenoble-Metropole. The obligation of having the vignette Crit’Air begins northerly from the toll station of Voreppe on the A48, southward from the toll station of Le Crozet/Vif on the A51 and westerly from the toll station of Crolles on the A41. The A480, which crosses the city of Grenoble, is also concerned.
Measures applied in case of exceeded pollutants values in Grenoble-Metropole
After the new air protection measures has come into force in the conurbation of Grenoble (Grenoble-Metropole) from 1st November 2016, the alarm of a pollution peak will be announced on electronic signs, on the local radio and TV as well as in the local press. The alarm will be given on the day before from 15h for the following day. All the pollutants values restrictions in France here:
After five consecutive days of pollution peak, only the vehicles with the Crit’Air categories 1 to 5 will be allowed to drive.
From the 7th day of pollution peak, only the vehicles with the Crit’Air categories 1 to 3 will be allowed to drive. The Crit’Air categories 4 and 5 will not be allowed to drive at all.
Furthermore, the Prefect of the Department can decide to apply the rules planed for the 5th day already on the 1st, 2nd or 3rd day of pollution peak if the values limits of air pollutants are exceeded. That is why conductors should preferably get a vignette Crit’Air in any case to avoid such unplanned circumstances.
Furthermore, from the 2nd day of pollution peak, the traffic speed will be lowered by 20 km/h on country roads, expressways and highways (normal speed limit 90/110/130).
In parallel, the prices of the public transport services will be reduced on these days as well as the prices for the car parks P+R. From the 7th day of pollution peak, public transport will be free in the conurbation of Grenoble.
Air pollution in Grenoble-Metropole
According to statistics from Grenoble-Metropole, an average of 16 days a year of pollution peak has been recorded between 2011 and 2013. The latest study, carried out in 2013, shows that the limit values for the presence of fine particles PM10 in the atmosphere of Grenoble has been exceeded on an average of 45 days a year, especially during winter.
Introduction of a ZCR environmental zone in the city of Grenoble from 1st January 2017
The city of Grenoble announced the introduction of a ZCR environmental zone from 1st January 2017. This ZCR zone (in french “zone à circulation restreinte”) should cover the all city centre. The driving ban associated to this ZCR zone will first concern the light utility vehicles first registered before 30th September 1997, as well as trucks first registered before 30th September 2001. The exact outlines of Grenoble’s ZCR zone have not been communicated yet.
Affected tourist and commercial traffic in the region of Grenoble
Through the inclusion of highways and expressways in the “air protection area” of the Grenoble’s conurbation, important effects on the tourist and commercial traffic are expected.
The travellers driving from middle France over Lyon to the south, who don’t want to drive down the A7 to Avignon and Marseille, but want to drive over Grenoble to reach Aix-en-Provence or Nice, will be first concerned. Travelers driving to the regional natural parks of Luberon, Verdon or Queyras, as well as to the national natural parks of Mercantour or Les Écrins will be also concerned, those places being reachable from the north over Grenoble.
The commercial traffic should especially get a Crit’Air vignette in any case, because trucks driving from Lyon, northerly, from Gap, southerly or from Chambéry, westerly, can’t risk a 200 km detour to avoid financial sanctions.
The road leading to the popular ski resorts of the départements Isère and Hautes-Alpes crosses the conurbation of Grenoble. The ski resorts Alpe d’Huez, Alpe du Grand Serre, Chamrousse, les 2 Alpes and many others are in those départements. The pollution peaks are especially more frequent during winter, because of higher pollution risks due to cold temperatures and massive wood heating.
The highways A41, A48, A480 and A51 carry a heavy load of traffic also during summer time, since those lead from the north and the west to the Côte d’Azur and can be an interesting alternative to the A7 to Marseille and the Provence. Drivers will only be able, in the future, to drive across Grenoble, gate to the Alps, if they have a Crit’Air on their vehicle.
Municipalities of Grenoble-Metropole and their population
Bresson - 717
Brié-et-Angonnes - 2527
Champ-sur-Drac - 3126
Champagnier - 1304
Claix - 7939
Corenc - 4134
Domène - 6663
Échirolles - 36177
Eybens - 10107
Fontaine - 22301
Fontanil-Cornillon (Le) - 2837
Gières - 6300
Grenoble - 161071
Le Gua - 1875
Herbeys - 1374
Jarrie - 3887
Meylan - 18160
Miribel-Lanchâtre - 388
Mont-Saint-Martin - 87
Montchaboud - 375
Murianette - 897
Notre-dame-de-Commiers - 474
Notre-dame-de-Mésage - 1226
Noyarey - 2365
Poisat - 2138
Pont-de-Claix (Le) - 11333
Proveysieux - 530
Quaix-en-Chartreuse - 956
Saint-Barthélémy-de-Séchilienne - 493
Saint-Égrève - 16521
Saint-Georges-de-Commiers - 2145
Saint-Martin-d'Hères - 38489
Saint-Martin-le-Vinoux - 5553
Saint-Paul-de-Varces - 2271
Saint-Pierre-de-Mésage - 749
Sappey-en-Chartreuse (Le) - 1171
Sarcenas - 209
Sassenage - 11774
Séchilienne - 972
Seyssinet-Pariset - 12321
Seyssins - 7121
Tronche (La) - 6830
Varces-Allières-et-Risset - 6724
Vaulnaveys-le-Bas - 1243
Vaulnaveys-le-Haut - 3697
Venon - 753
Veurey-Voroize - 1425
Vif - 8126
Vizille - 7837